Flexjson meet Android

Flexjson 2.1 now supports running Flexjson on Android. So I thought I'd show a quick example of using Flexjson in an Android application. Hopefully this will spark some ideas about what you can use Flexjson for in your own application. I'm going to start simple creating a quick Android app that pulls recipes from Puppy Recipe, parses it using Flexjson, and displays it in a list. Let's get started.

Recipe Puppy has a very simple REST API, almost too simple, that returns responses in JSON. Recipe puppy allows you to search recipes by the ingredients contained within by using a URL parameter i. Individual ingredients are separated by a comma, and URL encoded. Here is a simple example:


Exciting isn't it? If you click that link you'll see the JSON response. It's a little hard to read like that so here is a simple break down with a little formatting:

"title":"Recipe Puppy",
"title":"Chicken Barbados \r\n\r\n",
"ingredients":"chicken, orange zest, chicken, banana, orange juice, brown sugar, flaked coconut",

This is pretty straight forward. We have a little header and what we really are interested in results property which is an array of recipe objects. So we'll create two simple Java classes to map those data members. RecipeResponse for the header portion, and Recipe which is the object contained within "results" property.

Here are those objects:

public class RecipeResponse {
public String title;
public Double version;
public String href;
public List<Recipe> results;

public RecipeResponse() {

public class Recipe {

private String title;
private String href;
private String ingredients;
private String thumbnail;
private Drawable thumbnailDrawable;

public Recipe() {

public String getTitle() {
return title;

public void setTitle(String title) {
this.title = title.trim();


In the Recipe object I actually created a Java Bean with getter/setter, but I didn't include most of those methods. I did make a point to show the setter for the title property. Turns out some of the data coming out of recipe puppy contains extra newlines characters in the title. To get rid of those I'm doing a trim() in the setter. Flexjson is smart enough to call the setter method if you have defined it instead of setting values directly into the instance variables. However, if you use public instance variables it will set values directly into those too. This was a fix made in 2.1 with respect to using public instance variables during deserialization process. You'll be happy to know it works now.

So let's jump to the usage of Flexjson in the android code. So we create a RecipeActivity that contains a List to display the recipes. We're going to look at the AsyncTask that loads the data using Flexjson. Here is the full code for that:

new AsyncTask=<String, Integer, List<Recipe>>() {

private final ProgressDialog dialog = new ProgressDialog(RecipeActivity.this);

protected void onPreExecute() {
dialog.setMessage("Loading Recipes...");

protected List<Recipe> doInBackground(String... strings) {
try {
return getRecipe( null, 1, "banana", "chicken" );
} catch( IOException ex ) {
Log.e( RECIPES, ex.getMessage(), ex );
return Collections.emptyList();

protected void onPostExecute(List<Recipe> results) {
if( dialog.isShowing() ) {
Log.d( RECIPES, "Loading " + results.size() + " Recipes" );
recipes.setList( results );
new ThumbnailLoader( recipes ).execute( recipes.toArray( new Recipe[ recipes.size() ]) );
Log.d( RECIPES, "Loaded " + recipes.size() + " Recipes" );

protected List<Recipe> getRecipe( String query, int page, String... ingredients ) throws IOException {
String json = HttpClient.getUrlContent( String.format( "http://www.recipepuppy.com/api/?q=%s&i=%s&p=%d",
query != null ? URLEncoder.encode(query) : "",
ingredients.length > 0 ? URLEncoder.encode(join(ingredients,",")) : "",
page ) );
RecipeResponse response = new JSONDeserializer<RecipeResponse>().deserialize(json, RecipeResponse.class );
return response.results;

The method your probably most interested in is getRecipe(). This method formats the URL we're going to load. It then loads that URL and passes the results returned as a JSON block to the JSONDeserializer. JSONDeserializer will take a JSON formatted String and bind that into a Java object. In this example, we're binding into a RecipeResponse object. Here is how that is done:

RecipeResponse response = new JSONDeserializer<RecipeResponse>().deserialize(json, RecipeResponse.class );

A single line of code does that. The deserialize() method performs the deserialization and binding. The first argument is the JSON String, and the second is the top level class we want to bind into. Notice we didn't have to mention anything about Recipe. Flexjson is smart enough to use the data types from the top level object to figure out any other data types contained within. So if you refer to the RecipeResponse.results instance variable you can see the List data type with a generic type. Flexjson will use generics whenever possible to figure out concrete types to instantiate. Of course polymorphism, interfaces, abstract classes, and the like causes issues with this, but we're not going into that right now. See the Flexjson home page to find out more.

You'll notice the RecipeResponse object is returned fully populated with the JSON data, but we're really only interested in response.results so we just return that. It'd be nice if Recipe Puppy returns how many total pages there were in the header (hint, hint) so that it was more interesting. Anyway it is beta. That array is then added to the ListAdapter and displayed on the screen.

Other things Flexjson could be used for is saving state by serializing objects to JSON, and then deserializing when Activities are reconstituted. This can be easier than writing ContentProviders to dump stuff into the database. One of my biggest gripes with Android is how between pages objects can be reliably sent because Intent's require you break everything down to primitives. With Flexjson we can just simply serialize an object put that in the Intent, and then deserialize it on the other side. So no more boilerplate code to flatten your objects.

Here's a simple example serializing our recipes to the disk:

File f = app.getFilesDir();
Writer writer = new BufferedWriter( new FileWriter( new File( f, "recipes.json") ) );
try {
new JSONSerializer().deepSerialize(favorites, writer);
} finally {

Now I know there are people worried about performance, but timing the following code this ran on device in less than 40ms which is within the acceptable bounds for UI performance. If you need more performance you can cache the JSONSerializer/JSONDeserializer instance which optimizes data type mappings so it doesn't recompute those when serializes and deserializes. As always measure, measure, measure.

You've gotten an introduction about how Flexjson can make it easier to work with JSON data with Android.

1 comment:

kiirohana said...

hi, do you have the complete source? it seems ThumbnailLoader,RECIPES and recipes are not defined